课程试卷及参考答案

山东财经大学

2008--2009学年第二学期期末考试《英语国家文化》试卷(A)

学院 __________ 班级__________姓名____________ 学号__________

(考试时间为120分钟)

题号

总分

得分

 

 

 

 

 

 

阅卷人

 

 

 

 

 

合分人

 

 

I. Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions:  (35%)

 

1. Which of the following is NOT true about Britain?

A.    It used to be an imperial country in the world.

B.     It plays an active role as a member of European Union.

C.     It is a relatively wealthy and developed country.

D.    It used to be one of the superpowers in the world. 

 

2.  Which is the largest city in Scotland?

  A. Cardiff    B. Edinburgh    C. Glasgow    D. Manchester

 

3.  When did Scotland join the Union by agreement of the English and Scottish parliaments?

A. in 1715    B. in 1688      C. in 1745      D. in 1707

 

4. What happened in 1215 in England?

A. It was the year of Norman Conquest in British history.

B. Forced by barons, King John signed the Magna Carta.

C. Henry IV granted the Commons the power to review money grants.

D. King Egbert united England under his rule.

 

5.  Which of the following Is NOT true about the Constitution?

A. It is a document which fists out the basic principles for government.

B. It is the foundation of British governance today.

C. Conventions and Laws passed by parliament are part of the Constitution.

D. The common laws are part of the Constitution.

 

6. Which of the following about the House of Commons is NOT true?

A. Members of parliament elect the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.

B. MPs receive salaries and some other allowances.

C. MPs are expected to represent the interests of the public.

D. Most MPs belong to the major political parties.

 

7. Who is the leader of the Labour party at present?

A. John Major                 B. Tony Blair

C. Harold Wilson               D. Margaret Thatcher

 

8. Where is the best agricultural land in Britain?

 A. in the southeast of England    B. in the northeast of England

 C. in the southeast of Scotland    D. in the northeast of Scotland

 

9. Among the following writers, who was NOT one of the great trio?

A. Ben Johnson                B. William Shakespeare           

C. Geoffrey Chaucer            D. Christopher Marlowe

 

10. Several gifted women played a part in 19th-century literature. Which of the following is an exception ?

A. Virginia Woolf               B. Emily Bronte             

C. Jane Austen                 D. Charlotte Bronte

 

11. Which of the following is generally considered to be the masterpiece by Joseph Conrad ?

A. Sybil                      C. Bleak House

B. The Heart of Darkness         D. Wuthering Heights

 

12. Which of the following has nothing to do with Easter?

A. rabbits        B. haggis      C. chicks      D. eggs

                   

13. Which of the following is NOT true about St. Patrick?

     A. He was once made a slave in Ireland.

     B. He brought Christianity to Ireland.

     C. He drove snakes out of Ireland.

D. He was a druid.

 

14. Which of the following is the widely practised custom in Scottish New Year?

     A. first-footing             B. kissing under the mistletoe

     C. Burns Supper            D. using magic spells to see into future

 

15. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Open University ?

A. It's open to everybody.

B. It requires no formal educational qualifications.

C. No university degree is awarded.

D. University courses are followed through TV, radio, correspondence, ect.

 

16. Which of the following schools would admit children without reference to their academic abilities ?

    A. Comprehensive schools.          B. Secondary schools.

C. Independent schools.             D. Grammar schools.

 

17. Which of the following is NOT true about the 'flats"?

A. They are not considered as the most desirable home.

B. They are often in modem multi-storey buildings.

C. They are often publicly owned.

D. All of them are of low status and are very cheap.

 

18. Which of the following is NOT a true description of the situation of the ethnic minorities in the UK?

A. They are well-represented in the British parliament.

B. They are economically poorer than the white population.

C. They are treated unfairly by the justice system.

D. They are threatened by some racist groups.

 

19. Which of the following is the British oldest daily newspaper ?

    A. The Telegraph.                 B. The Guardian.

C. The News of the World.          D. The Times.

 

20. In Britain most advertising is carried

A. in newspapers.   B. on television.  C. in magazines.   D. on radio.

 

21. Which of the following about the tabloids is NOT true ?

A. They are big format newspapers.

B. They are often called the gutter press.

C. They mainly deal in scandals and gossip about famous people.

D. They carry stories with colour photos and catchy headlines.

 

22.The following were some of the characteristics of Protestantism except __

A. challenging the authority of the Pope.

B. salvation through faith.

C. salvation through the church.

D. establishing a direct contact with God.

 

23. The following were the founding fathers of the American Republic except ________

A. George Washington.        B. Thomas Jefferson.       

C. William Penn.             D. Benjamin Franklin

 

24. "No taxation without representation" was the rallying cry of ___________

A. the settlers of Virginia.      B. the people of Pennsylvania.

C. the colonists in New England.

D. the people of the 13 colonies on the eve of the American Revolution

 

25. Which of the following statements was NOT correct when the Constitution was written in the U.S.A.?

A. there was a Bill of Rights in the Constitution.

B. there was no Bill of Rights.

C. The Constitution did not have any words guaranteeing the freedoms or the basic rights and privileges of citizens.

D. a "Bill of Rights" was added to the Constitution 4 years after the Constitution was made.

 

26. Which of the following is NOT guaranteed in the Bill of Rights?

    A. The freedom of religion.

    B. The freedom of searching a person's home by police.

    C. The freedom of speech and of the press.

D. The right to own weapons if one wishes.

 

27. The United States was rated No.1 in terms of production capacity in the world __________.

A. in 1920       B. in 1950       C. in 1945         D. in 1960

 

28. Service industry does not include ________.

    A. banking   B. management consultation   C. airline   D. steelmaking

 

29. Which of the following was NOT a Protestant denomination?

A. The Baptists.            B. The Catholics.     

C. The Methodists.          D. The Presbyterians

 

30. Which of the following statements is NOT correct according to the author?

A. American mainstream culture is based on Protestantism.

B. Protestant Church is an established church by law in the U.S.

C. The Catholic Church is the largest single religious group in the U.S.

D. The largest church is of the Protestant faith in the U.S.

 

31. Which of the following subjects are NOT offered to elementary school students?

A. Mathematics and languages.

B. Politics and business education.

C. Science and social studies.

D. Music and physical education.

 

32. In the United States school systems, which of the following divisions is true?

A. Elementary school, grammar school.

B. Elementary school, junior high school.

C. Elementary school, secondary school.

D. Junior high school, senior high school.

 

33. In order to go to university, secondary school students must meet the following requirements except that ________.

    A. they have high school records and recommendation from their teachers

    B. they make good impressions during the interviews

    C. they get good scores in the Scholastic Aptitude Tests

D. they pass the college entrance examinations

 

34. Which of the following statements was correct around the time of the American Revolution?

A. The American had the mixed blood of Europeans or their descendants.

B. The American had the mixed blood of Europeans with American Indians.

C. The American had the mixed blood of Europeans with blacks.

D. The American had the blood of the English and their descendants only.

 

35. Institutional factors that contributed to the success of American business and industry include ________.

A. laissez-faire                B. bountiful resources   

C. vast dimensions             D. entrepreneurial spirit

 

II. Fill in the blanks:  (25%)

 

1. Britain is a country with a history of invasions. In 43 AD Britain was invaded by_________ in the late 8th century they experienced _______ raids from Scandinavia and in the 11th century they suffered invasions from ______.

 

2. Charles the First, king of Britain, was executed, because he attempted to _______ in the English Revolution.

 

3. Both the Scottish and Welsh people elect their members of parliaments to the London Parliament and each holds_______ and _______ seats respectively.

 

4. ________, the ancestor of the present Queen, Elizabeth II, united England under his rule in 829.

 

5. In medieval times, kings would summon a group of wealthy barons and representatives of counties, towns and cities, called __________to raise money.

 

6. In 1689, Parliament passed _________ to ensure that the King would never be able to ignore Parliament.

 

7. Strictly speaking, the Parliament today consists of _______, ________and_________.

 

8. The British Constitution consists of_________,  _________ and _________.

 

9. Normally, a government can be in power for _______, and then it has to resign and hold a general election.

 

10. Twentieth-century literature can be broadly divided into two stylistic periods: _______ and _______.

 

11. Traditionally, people gave Christmas gifts or money to their staff or servants on __________which is the day after Christmas.

 

12. Children in Britain must receive a full-time education legally from the age of _______ to _________.

 

13. Comprehensive schools provide a _______ education, teaching students everything from __________ subjects like literature and science to more ______ subjects like cooking and carpentry.

 

14. In ascending order of cost and status, the four main types of British home are _________,__________,__________ and __________.

 

15. The ________ press carry more serious and __________ articles of particular political and social importance.

 

16. The BBC has ______ channels. BBC 1 entertains people with sports, drama, current affairs, ect. BBC 2 provides ________ with documentaries and shows.

 

17. The New World of America was peopled as a result of two long-continuing immigration movements, the first one from ________and the second from __________ and ________.

 

18. ______ was the first to start the Religious Reformation and the next important leader of the Reformation was ________.

 

19. The institution that began to assume the function of a national government during the American Revolution was ______________.

 

20. A federal system is one in which _______ is shared between ________ and __________ with some rights reserved to each.

 

21. The Supreme Court is composed of _______ chief justice and _______associate justices.

 

22. The Three Faiths in the U.S. refer to ______, ________ and ___________.

 

23. The Puritans introduced ________ education for all children and public taxation for ________in the 17th century

 

24. Public and private colleges depend on three sources of income: __________, endowments and _________.

 

III. Decide whether each of the following statements is true(T) or false(F): (10%)

1. Many public holidays in Britain are known as Bank’s holidays ——so called because these are the days on which banks are legally open.

 

2. Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch, the Prime Minister, as head of the State.

 

3. Compulsory education begins at five in England, Wales and Scotland and four in Northern Ireland.

 

4. The UK economy has changed vastly since 1945, and the decline of and tertiary sector the growth of the manufacturing has been the most visible change.

 

5. The Separatists, or Pilgrims as they came to be called, left for the New World first, in 1609, on the Mayflower. These simple, plain-living people, the Puritans built Massachusetts Bay, a far larger colony to the north of Plymouth Plantation.

 

6. The more populous states supported the New Jersey Plan, which proposed that representation within the government should be based on the size of a state's population. The plan was designed to give states with large populations a proportionately large share of decision-making power. Less populous states, however, supported the Virginia Plan, by which every state, regardless of size, would have the same representation within the government.

 

7. The separation of powers also allows for a system of checks and balances within the government. Each branch is given certain control over the other two, which balances the power and keeps the potential for abuse of power in check.

8. In the United States the people do not elect the president directly.

9. Primary and Secondary School begins around age seven for U.S. children.

10. Although there is no national curriculum in the United States, certain subjects are taught in virtually all elementary and secondary schools throughout the country.

IV.  Comment on the questions:  (30%)

1. How does the British education system reflect social class? What is the goal of education in the United States? Discuss the similarities and differences in the United States and China concerning the goals of education.  (15%)

 

2. In what way did Puritanism influence American culture? Americans believe in the importance of teaching their children to be independent and self-reliant, what do you think of this philosophy?  (15%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

山东财经大学2008-2009学年第二学期

《英语国家文化》试卷A参考答案及评分标准

IChoose the correct answer to each of the following questions:  

(共35题,每题1分,占整个试卷总分的35%

1~5 DCDBA      6~10 ABACA     11~15 BBDAC   16~20 ADADA

21~25 ACCDA    26~30 BCDBB    31~35 BCDAA

II.  Fill in the blanks:  (共25个空,每空1分,占整个试卷总分的25%

1.        the Roman empire   Vikings

2.        overrule

3.        72  38  

4.        King Egbert

5.        the Great council

6.        the Bill of Rights

7.        the Queen   the House of Lords    the House of Commons

8.        statute law   the common laws   conventions

9.        5 years

10.    Modernism     Postmodernism

11.    Boting day

12.    five   sixteen

13.    general   academic   practical

14.    flats, terraced houses, semi-detached houses, detached houses

15.    quality   in-depth

16.    two   special interest audiences

17.    Asia, Europe, Africa  

18.    Martin Luther, John Calvin

19.    the second Continental Congress

20.    power   a central authority   its constituent parts

21.    1   8

22.    Protestant, Catholic   Jewish

23.    compulsory   schools 

24.    student tuition   government funding

IIIDecide whether each of the following statements is true(T) or false(F):

(共10题,每题1分,占试卷总分的10%

  1~5 F F T T F     6~10 F T T F T

 

IV.  Comment on the questions:  (2道论述题,每题15分,占试卷总分的30%。每道题中的每个要点约3分,答出全部要点至少给11分,如果全部要点阐述充分,至少给13分。)

1. 1) Britain is a society in which social class is still very important. 51% of British people are working class and 49% are middle class. While the split is about half and half, the opportunities for working class and middle class people can be very different. In Britain, the accent you speak with, the clothes you wear, and the schools you attend are all markers that identify your social class.

2) The goal of education in the U.S. is to achieve universal literacy and to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote both their own individual welfare as well as that of the general public.

3) (open-ended)

2. 1) In the colonial era of the United States, Puritanism was the mainstream of the immigration. Puritanism played the role of political theory as s religious beliefs in that time. Puritans were the pioneer promoters of American education. They not only founded the first American college (Harvard), but also created the first American public schools. They were the founders of several colonies as well. Puritans sought out to be an example by doing good works and living a holy lifestyle for the whole world to see. Individualism, rational principles, autonomy contained in Puritanism provided factors of the spirit for the liberal democracy of United States. Puritanism had a far-reaching impact on American democracy in the past or now. Puritanism has a non-negligible effect on the capitalist of the economic development in early stage of America. They have shaped the American character of getting rich through hard-working. They interpret the commercial activities whose aim to profit clearly as their sense of duty thinking of a personal ethical obligations. They regard the free competing of capitalist to be sacred, emphasize personal values. All those have had a profound impact on the economy of capitalism and the spirit of capitalist of America. American culture is derived from the Puritan culture of continental Europe. The culture has played an important role in the process of the establishment of the United States. American mainstream values can all be traced back to the dominating Puritan beliefs in colonial era of the North American.

2) (open-ended)

 

 

山东财经大学

2008--2009学年第二学期期末考试《英语国家文化》试卷(B)

学院 __________ 班级__________姓名____________ 学号__________

(考试时间为120分钟)

题号

总分

得分

 

 

 

 

 

 

阅卷人

 

 

 

 

 

合分人

 

 

I. Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions: (35%)

 

1. Which of the following is NOT true about the characteristics of Britain?

A .Economic differences between north and south.

B. Differences of social systems between Scotland and Wales.

C. Class differences between a white-collar worker and a blue-collar worker.

D. Cultural differences between immigrants and the British.

 

2. Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England?

A. the Anglo-Saxons   B. the Normans   C. the Vikings   D. the Romans

 

3. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Wales was invaded by the Romans.

B. Wales was occupied by the Anglo-Saxons.

C. Wales was conquered by the Normans.

D. Wales was threatened by the English.

 

4. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of British government?

A. It offers the Queen high political status and supreme power.

B. It is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.

C. It is the oldest representative democracy in the world.

D. It has no written form of Constitution.

 

5. Under whose reign was the Bill Of Rights passed?

A. James II   B. William of Orange   C. Oliver Cromwell   D. George I

 

6. Which of the following about the Queen is NOT true?

A. The Queen selects the Prime Minister and the Cabinet

B. The Queen symbolizes the tradition and unity of the British state.

C. The Queen acts as a confidante to the Prime Minister.

D. The Queen is the temporal head of the Church of England.

 

7. Which of the following is NOT true about the electoral campaigns in Britain?

A. Big parties can buy time to broadcast their policies on the television.

B There is a limit on the amount of money candidates can spend in their constituency campaign.

C. Candidates and their supporters go door-to-door persuading voters to vote for them.

D. Candidates criticize each other's policies to show how good their own policies are.

 

8. Which of the following was NOT the reason for the relative economic decline since 1945?

A. Britain did not invest in modern equipment and new products.

B. Britain spent a high proportion of its national wealth on the military.

C. Britain had been heavily in debt to finance the war.

D. Britain had carried out the nationalization of the businesses.

 

9. What flourished in Elizabethan age more than any other form of literature ?

A. Novel      B. Essay        C. Drama        D. Poetry

 

10. Which of the following did NOT belong to Romanticism ?

A. Keats      B. Shelley       C.  Wordsworth   D. E.M.Foster

 

11. Which of the following writers was NOT associated with Modernism ?

A. D,H. Lawrence             B. E.M. Forster         

C. Charles Dickens            D. Virginia Woolf

 

12. Which one of the following is NOT particularly British Christmas tradition?

A. enjoying the Pantomime

B. the Queen broadcasting her Christmas message

C. receiving gifts from Santa Claus

D. shopping on the Boxing Day

 

13. Which community observes the traditional Ramadan?

A. Hindu         B. Sikh         C. Jewish     D. Muslim

 

14. On which day is Halloween celebrated?

    A. 5 November    B. 31 October    C. 17 March   D. 25 December

 

15. If a student wants to go to university in Britain, he will take the examination called

A. General Certificate of Education——Advanced.

B. General Certificate of Secondary Education.

C. the common entrance examination.

D. General National Vocational Qualifications.

 

16. Which of the following is NOT true about the British education system ?

A. It's run by the state.            B It's funded by the state.

C. It's supervised by the state.      D. It's dominated by the state.

 

17. Which of the following about the housing system in the UK is NOT true?

A. About 65% of the homes are owned by the people who live in them.

B. Banks finance people to buy the houses through loans and mortgage.

C. Most British people would like to buy their own home.

D. There is no public housing system in the UK.

 

18. Which of the following about class system in the UK is NOT true?

A. People of different classes tend to read different kinds of newspaper.

B. Class-division is only decided by people' s income.

C. Though social advancement is possible, class affects a person's life-chances.

D. The way people speak identifies themselves to particular class.

 

19. Which of the following is the world's oldest national newspaper ?

A. The Times.             B. The Guardian.                 

C. The Observer.           D. The Financial Times.

 

20. The British media have many important functions. Which of the following is an exception ?

A. They supply people with news, keeping them informed about what is happening in the world.

B. They make huge profit by publishing advertisements.

C. They promote culture and education.

D. They provide entertainment.

 

21. Which of the following about the BBC is NOT true ?

A. There is no advertising on any of the BBC programmes.

B. The BBC is funded by licence fees paid by people who possess

television receiving sets

C. The BBC has four television channels.

D. The BBC provides the World Service throughout the world.

 

22. Which of the following statements was correct around the time of the American Revolution?

A. The American had the mixed blood of Europeans or their descendants.

B. The American had the mixed blood of Europeans with American Indians.

C. The American had the mixed blood of Europeans with blacks.

D. The American had the blood of the English and their descendants only.

 

23. Which of the following American values did NOT come from Puritanism?

A. separation of state and church.      B. respect of education.         

C. intolerant moralism.              D. a sense of mission.

 

24. The theory of American politics and the American Revolution originated mainly from ____________

A. George Washington.      C. John Adams.

B. Thomas Jefferson.        D. John Locke.

 

25. According to the author, the Articles of Confederation failed because of the following reasons. Which is not true?

A. The new states did not cooperate with the Congress or with each other.

B. Some new states wanted to be free from the Union.

C. The Congress could not raise money to pay the national army and to pay debts owed to France and other nations.

D. The Congress had no power to tax any citizen.

 

26. Which of the following is NOT a power of the president?

A. The president can veto any bill passed by Congress.

B. The president has the authority to appoint federal judges

when vacancies occur.

C. The president can make laws.

D. The president has broad powers, with the executive branch, to issue

regulations and directives regarding work of the federal departments.

 

27. The "American system" of mass production was first used in______

A. car industry            B. textile industry       

C. firearms industry           D. agriculture

 

28. Institutional factors that contributed to the success of American business and industry include ________.

A. laissez-faire            B. bountiful resources          

C. vast dimensions         D. entrepreneurial spirit

 

29. Which of the following was NOT a Protestant denomination?

A. The Baptists.           B. The Catholics.          

C. The Methodists.         D. The Presbyterians

 

30. Which of the following statements is NOT correct according to the author?

A. American mainstream culture is based on Protestantism.

B. Protestant Church is an established church by law in the U.S.

C. The Catholic Church is the largest single religious group in the U.S.

D. The largest church is of the Protestant faith in the U.S.

 

31. Which of the following subjects are NOT offered to elementary school students in the U.S ?

A. Mathematics and languages.         B. Politics and business education.

C. Science and social studies.      D. Music and physical education.

 

32. In the United States school systems, which of the following divisions is true?

A. Elementary school, grammar school.

B. Elementary school, junior high school.

C. Elementary school, secondary school.

D. Junior high school, senior high school.

 

33. In order to go to university, secondary school students must meet the following requirements except that ________.

    A. they have high school records and recommendation from their teachers

    B. they make good impressions during the interviews'

    C. they get good scores in the Scholastic Aptitude Tests

    D. they pass the college entrance examinations

.

34. The following were the founding fathers of the American Republic except ________

A. George Washington.        B. Thomas Jefferson.

C. William Penn.             D. Benjamin Franklin

 

35. Which of the following is NOT guaranteed in the Bill of Rights?

    A. The freedom of religion.

    B. The freedom of searching a person's home by police.

    C. The freedom of speech and of the press.

D. The right to own weapons if one wishes.

 

II. Fill in the blanks:  (25%)

 

1.      Britain is now a _______society which produces a population of which 1 in 20 are of  ______ ethnicity.

 

2. Britain is a country with a history of invasions. In 43 AD Britain was invaded by_________,  in the late 8th century they experienced _______ raids from Scandinavia and in the 11th century they suffered invasions from ______.

 

3. Both the Scottish and Welsh people elect their members of parliaments to the London Parliament and each holds_______ and _______ seats respectively.

 

4. ________, the ancestor of the present Queen, Elizabeth II, united England under his rule in 829.

 

5. In medieval times, kings would summon a group of wealthy barons and representatives of counties, towns and cities, called __________to raise money.

 

6. In Britain, the official head of state is_________ while the real center of political life is in __________.

 

7. Normally, a government can be in power for _______, and then it has to resign and hold a general election.

 

8. Since the discovery of oil and gas under the__________ , Britain has gained a strong position in the offshore oil industry.

 

9. Shakespeare's plays fall into three categories. They are _______, _______ and ______.

 

10. One widely practised custom on Scottish Hogmanay is __________.

 

11. On the second Saturday in June, the Queen's birthday is officially celebrated by _________ around __________ in London.

 

12. Children in Britain must receive a full-time education legally from the age of _______ to _________.

 

13. Comprehensive schools provide a _______ education, teaching students everything from __________ subjects like literature and science to more ______ subjects like cooking and carpentry.

 

14. In ascending order of cost and status, the four main types of British home are _________,__________,__________ and __________.

 

15. The ________  press carry more serious and __________ articles of particular political and social importance.

 

16. The BBC has ______ channels. BBC 1 entertains people with sports, drama, current affairs, ect. BBC 2 provides ____________ with documentaries and shows.

 

17. The New World of America was peopled as a result of two long-continuing immigration movements, the first one from ________and the second from __________ and ________.

 

18. ______ was the first to start the Religious Reformation and the next important leader of the Reformation was ________.

19. ______ was the first to start the Religious Reformation and the next important leader of the Reformation was ________.

 

20. The Constitution set up a federal system with ____________.

 

21. The Congress is divided into _______with _______members who serve two-year terms, and _______ with _______ lawmakers who serve six-year terms.

 

22. Prayer and Bible reading in public schools in the U.S. are _______.

 

23. The Puritans introduced ________ education for all children and public taxation for ________in the 17th century

 

24. About 25% of all schools of higher education in America are privately operated by _________.

 

25. After the War of Independence was won, the national government was called ________, and the agreement that guided the government was ________.

 

III. Decide whether each of the following statements is true(T) or false(F): (10%)

 

1. Many public holidays in Britain are known as Bank’s holidays ——so called because these are the days on which banks are legally open.

 

2. Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch, the Prime Minister, as head of the State.

 

3. Compulsory education begins at five in England, Wales and Scotland and four in Northern Ireland.

 

4. The UK economy has changed vastly since 1945, and the decline of and tertiary sector the growth of the manufacturing has been the most visible change.

 

5. The Separatists, or Pilgrims as they came to be called, left for the New World first, in 1609, on the Mayflower. These simple, plain-living people, the Puritans built Massachusetts Bay, a far larger colony to the north of Plymouth Plantation.

 

6. The more populous states supported the New Jersey Plan, which proposed that representation within the government should be based on the size of a state's population. The plan was designed to give states with large populations a proportionately large share of decision-making power. Less populous states, however, supported the Virginia Plan, by which every state, regardless of size, would have the same representation within the government.

 

7. The separation of powers also allows for a system of checks and balances within the government. Each branch is given certain control over the other two, which balances the power and keeps the potential for abuse of power in check.

8. In the United States the people do not elect the president directly.

9. Primary and Secondary School begins around age seven for U.S. children.

10. Although there is no national curriculum in the United States, certain subjects are taught in virtually all elementary and secondary schools throughout the country.

 

IV. Comment on the questions:  (30%)

1. What are the purposes of the British education system? What are the main purposes of the American education system ? Are there any differences or similarities in the education of the two nations? Please comment on these.  (15%)

 

2. In what way did Puritanism influence American culture? Americans believe in the importance of teaching their children to be independent and self-reliant, what do you think of this philosophy?  (15%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

山东财经大学2008-2009学年第一学期

《英语国家文化》试卷B参考答案及评分标准

IChoose the correct answer to each of the following questions:  

(共35题,每题1分,占整个试卷总分的35%

1~5 BABAB      6~10 AADCD     11~15 CCDBA     16~20 DDBCB

21~25 CAADB     26~30 CCABB    31~35 BCDCB

II.  Fill in the blanks:  (共25个空,每空1分,占整个试卷总分的25%

1.        multiracial, non-European

2.        the Roman Empire, Vikings, the Normans

3.        72, 38

4.        King Egbert

5.        the Great Council

6.        the Queen, the House of Commons

7.        5 years

8.        north Sea

9.        tragedies   Comedies, Historical plays

10.    first-footing

11.    Trooping the color, Buckingham Palace

12.    five, sixteen

13.    general, academic, practical

14. flats, terraced houses, semi-detached houses, detached houses

15.  quality   in-depth

16.  two   special interest audiences

17.  Asia, Europe, Africa  

18.  Martin Luther, John Calvin

19.  the second Continental Congress

20.  a strong central government

21.  the House of Representatives, 435, the Senate, 100

22.  unconstitutional

23.  compulsory, schools

24.  religious organizations

25.  the congress, the articles of confederation

IIIDecide whether each of the following statements is true(T) or false(F):

(共10题,每题1分,占试卷总分的10%

    1~5 F F T T F     6~10 F T T F T

 

IV.  Comment on the questions:  (2道论述题每题15占试卷总分的30%。每道题中的每个要点约3答出全部要点至少给11如果全部要点阐述充分至少给13分。)

1. 1) The purposes of the British education system are not only to provide children with literacy and the other basic skills they need to become active members of society, but also to socialize children. They learn the rules and values they need to become good citizens, to participate in the community, and to contribute to the economic prosperity of an advanced industrial economy.

  2) The main purposesl of the American education system are to achieve universal literacy and to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote both their own individual welfare as well as that of the general public.

   3) (open-ended)

2. 1) In the colonial era of the United States, Puritanism was the mainstream of the immigration. Puritanism played the role of political theory as s religious beliefs in that time. Puritans were the pioneer promoters of American education. They not only founded the first American college (Harvard), but also created the first American public schools. They were the founders of several colonies as well. Puritans sought out to be an example by doing good works and living a holy lifestyle for the whole world to see. Individualism, rational principles, autonomy contained in Puritanism provided factors of the spirit for the liberal democracy of United States. Puritanism had a far-reaching impact on American democracy in the past or now. Puritanism has a non-negligible effect on the capitalist of the economic development in early stage of America. They have shaped the American character of getting rich through hard-working. They interpret the commercial activities whose aim to profit clearly as their sense of duty thinking of a personal ethical obligations. They regard the free competing of capitalist to be sacred, emphasize personal values. All those have had a profound impact on the economy of capitalism and the spirit of capitalist of America. American culture is derived from the Puritan culture of continental Europe. The culture has played an important role in the process of the establishment of the United States. American mainstream values can all be traced back to the dominating Puritan beliefs in colonial era of the North American.

2) (open-ended)